Agriculture,A.H & Fisheries HOME
     
  AGRICULTURE  
     
 

Agriculture is the main occupation of the people of the district.The main crops cultivated are paddy, Coconut, Rubber, Pulses, Areca nut, Tapioca, Ginger, Groundnut, Sugarcane, Cotton etc. Coconut and Paddy occupies the predominant place among the major crops.

 
     
  AREA UNDER CROPS  
     
 

Palakkad district is called the “Granary of Kerala”. The net cultivated area of the district is 218336 hectares ie. 49 percent of the total geographical area. Major portion of the cultivable area is used for raising food crops. About 80 percent of the rural population of this district are Agriculturists or Agricultural Laborers. The total paddy cropped area comes to 107467 hectares (totals of three seasons) Palakkad is the only district in the state where Cotton and Groundnut are cultivated. Area under fiber Cotton cultivation is 10999 heft. and Groundnut is 7019 hectares.

 
     
 

Coconut and other oil seeds occupy a prominent position among the crops covering 53302 hectares and it is one of the major source of income to the cultivators.Paddy, Cereals and Millets are cultivated in 112922 hectares and it is the major agricultural activity of the district.The area under Rive cultivation in the district is 28 percent of the total area in the state.Fiber, drugs etc. are cultivated in vast areas of the district covering 11007 heft. which is about 65 percent of the corresponding area of the state. The climate in the district is suitable for the cultivation of horticultural crops such as Mango.Jack fruit, Pappaya etc. and the area under cultivation of fresh fruits is 24440 hectares. Plantation crops such as Rubber, Tea, Coffee etc. are planted in a big way in midland and highland regions. The area under plantation crops is 98370 hectares in which rubber occupies more than70 percent.More and more area are brought under plantation crops. Major cultivation of Cotton in the state is concentrated in Palakkad district which occupies an area of 10999 hectares.Detailed statement of area under different crops is enclosed herewith.

 
     
  AREA UNDER MAJOR CROPS  
  Year 1998-99 (Hectares)  
 
Year 1998-99 (Hectares)
Sl.No. Crops District State
1 Paddy, Cereals & Millets 112922

358265

2 Total food grains 115626

370892

3 Sugar crops 6161

12741

4 Spices and continents 19198

338575

5 Fresh Fruits 24440

289017

6 Dry fruits 5998

91268

7 Vegetables including Tapioca 22224

192805

8 Oil seed Crops 53302

894363

9 Fibre Drugs and Narcotics 11007

13459

10 Plantation crops 34061

597222

 
     
     
  PRODUCTION OF IMPORTANT CROPS  
     
 

Annual production of rice in the district is 2,37.800 tones out of the total production of 7,26,800 tones in the state. i.e. this district produces about 1/3rd of the total production of rice in the state. Annual production of Rubber and Tapioca is 30150 tones and 156600 tones respectively. Coconut production stands at 194 million nuts out of the production of 5132 million nuts in the state. Jower, Ragi and other Cereals are cultivated mostly in Palakkad compared to the other regions. The production of Pulses is 2037 tones.Of the total production of 5219 tones of Groundnut in the state, the district accounts for 5218 tones. The production of Cotton comes to 30188 quintals. The details of production of Important crops in the district is detailed below. The recent trend of cultivation of fleshy fruit offers a good potential for fruit based units in the district. There are so many food processing units in the district.About 1500 Rice Mills are working in the district.

 
     
  PRODUCTION OF CROPS  
     
 

Sl.No.

Name of Crop. District State

1

Rice

237788

726743

2

Jower

1107

1108

3

Ragi

902

936

4

Other Cereals

1683

1788

5

Pulses

2037

9822

6

Gur

23677

47216

7

Pepper

826

68510

8

Chillies

107

288

9

Dry Ginger

3329

39362

10

Cured Turmeric

1162

8034

11

Groundnut

5218

5219

12

Tamarind

7421

28939

13

Mango

29301

253281

14

Banana

54078

286588

15

Other Plantains

34062

397986

16

Pineapple

637

93707

17

Tapioca

156619

2630155

18

Sweet Potato

5980

11924

19

Coconut - Million nuts

194

5132

20

Cotton - Bale of 170 Kgs.

17752

17752

21

Tea

2368

58726

22

Coffee

1850

49886

23

Rubber

30150

539099

24

Cardamom

175

4990

25

Cashew nut

2612

15336

 
     
  IRRIGATION  
     
 

Palakkad District is blessed with Irrigation facilities. Irrigation Dams were constructed across almost all the important tributaries of Bharathapuzha. Six major dams have been completed. They are Pothundy, Mangalam, Walayar, Chitturpuzha, Malampuzha and Gayathripuzha Projects (Meenkara and Chulliar) In addition to this Kanjirapuzha and Attappady Valley Irrigation Projects are under construction. The Siruvani Fresh Water Dam constructed for the supply of drinking water to the Coimbatore Corporation of Tamilnadu. Surveys were also conducted for the projects namely, Kuriarkutty Karappara and Silent Valley Hydro Electric Projects. At the hill top of Parambikulam three dams were constructed for the irrigation of the Periyar district of Tamilnadu and the Chittur Taluk of Palakkad District. They are Parambikulam, Peruvarippallom and Thunakadavu. The total Ayacut area of all the completed projects is 54000 hectares.

 
     
 

In addition to these there are so many minor irrigation schemes Lift irrigation projects, wells and tanks in the district. Net area irrigated is comes to 66000 hectares and gross area comes to 76500 hectares.

 
     
  PROJECTWISE DETAILS OF IRRIGATION PROJECTS  
  (Rs in Lakhs)  
 
Sl.No. Name of Project Year of starting Year of Commission Revised Estimate Net Irrgd.Area (He) Gross Irrd. Area (Ha)
1 Malampuzha

1949

1966

580

29463

42099

2 Pothundy

1958

1961

234

8782

10930

3 Gayathri

1956

1970

220

7651

11040

4 Walayar

1953

1964

132

4536

6470

5 Mangalam

1953

1966

106

4814

6880

6 Chitturpuzha

1961

1991

2080

15700

29202

7 Kanjirapuzha

1961

..

8200

9710

21850

8 Kuriarkutty Karappara

1978

..

10000

11740

23190

9 Attappady Valley

1975

..

8367

4500

8380

 
     
  HORTICULTURE  
     
 

The district produces various Horticultural products such as Jack fruits, Banana, Pappaya etc. Mango is cultivated in 7905 Hect. and Jackfruit cultivated in 4812 Hectares. The recent trend of cultivation of fleshy mango fruits offers good potential for locating mango based units in the coming years. Details regarding the area under cultivation and production of various horticultural crops in the district for the year 1998-99 are furnishing herewith.

 
     
  GROSS AREA IRRIGATED – CROPWISE.1998-99  
  (In Hectares)  
 
Sl.No. Source District State
1 Government Canal

43146

94643

2 Private Canal

135

2482

3 Government Tank

76

990

4 Private Tank

2666

46542

5 Government Well

40

402

6 Private Well

12474

106811

7 Minor & Lift Irrigation

1093

11937

8 Other source

5894

110702

9 TOTAL

65544

374509

 
     
 
Sl.No. Crops Area in Hectares Production (M.T.)
1 Jack

4812

16 (Million)

2 Mango

7905

29301

3 Banana

4612

54078

4 Other Plantain

4966

34063

5 Pineapple

99

637

6 Pappaya

1006

6669

7 Other fruits

1040

---
 

 

  DETAILS OF HORTICULTURAL CROPS  
     
  AGRICULTURAL INSTITUTIONS.  
     
  1. Regional Agricultural Research Station, Mele Pattambi, Palakkad  
     
  2. Live Stock Research Station Thiruvazhamkunnu, Palakkad  
     
  3. State Agmark Grading Lab. Pallimukku. Thathamangalam.  
     
  4. Fertilizer Quality Control Lab. Pattambi, Palakkad  
     
  5. Mobile Soil Testing Laboratory, Pattambi, Palakkad.  
     
  6. Soil Testing Laboratory, Pattambi, Palakkad.  
     
     
  AGRICULTURAL FARMS  
     
  Sl.No. Name of the Farm Seeds & Planting Material  
         
  1 Horticulture Development Farm,Malampuzha
Rooted Pepper cuttings, Vegetable seeds
`
     
Ornamental plants, Cashew Grafts, Guava
 
     
Layer, Sapota graft, Mango graft, Jack graft
 
     
Clove seedlings,Banana suckers, Minor Fruit plants and Tubers.
 
         
  2 Orange and Vegetable Farm, Nelliampathy Coffee, Acid lime, Vegetable seeds,Fruit products, Ornamental plants  
         
  3 Integrated Seed Development Farm, Eruthempathy Cashew graft, Guava layer, Sapota graft,Mango graft, Vegetable and Pulses seeds  
         
  4 Central Orchard, Pattambi Sapota graft, Mango graft, Nutmeg graft,  
      Cinnamon, Minor fruit plants, Anthurium, Vegetable seeds  
         
  5 State Seed Farm, Alathur Paddy seeds, Rooted Pepper cuttings, Vegetable seeds  
         
  6 State Seed Farm, Kunathur Paddy seeds, Rooted Pepper cuttings  
         
  7 State Seed Farm, Kongad Paddy seeds, Rooted Pepper cuttings,Vegetable seeds  
         
  8 State Seed Farm, Ananganadi Paddy seeds  
         
  9 State Seed Farm, Muthalamada Paddy seeds, Vegetable seeds  
         
         

 

     
  ANIMAL HUSBANDRY  
     
 

Cattle wealth is of considerable importance to the people of the district whose main occupation is agriculture.In this district bullocks and the he buffaloes are being used for agricultural work in the paddy fields. In rural areas drought animals were used to transportation of agricultural commodities. The bullock carts (Savari Vandy) are used for the journeys in rural areas of the district.

 
     
 

As per 1996 Livestock Census there are 363338 Cattles and 35693 Buffaloes, 162488 Goats, 490 Sheeps, 133875 dogs 19736 ducks 2248143 fowls, 2239 pigs 5362 rabbits are rearing in the District.

 
     
 

In the Animal Husbandry sector, there are a number of institutions working for the preservation of Animal Health.Of these One District Veterinary Centre, Four Veterinary Poly Clinics, Fifteen Veterinary Hospitals, Seventy Seven Veterinary Dispensaries, One Mobile Veterinary Dispensary, Three Mobile Farm Aid Units, and Two Artificial Insemination Centres are under the direct control of Veterinary Personnels.In addition to these 62 Intensive Cattle Development Sub Centres are also functioning as first aid and Insemination Centres.For the effective Supervision of these Centres, Three Artificial Insemination Centres and One I.C.D.Project Office are also functioning in the district.The State Head Quarters of the Rinderpest Eradication Scheme is also in the District. There are one Vigilance Unit, 8 Check Posts and two Mass Vaccination Units are also functioning under the Rinder Pest Eradication Scheme.

 
     
 

The Government Goat Farm Attappady and the Regional Poultry Farm Malampuzha are also functioning in the district for the distribution of Malabari goats and improved variety of chicks for the weaker section of the community. Considering the important role played by Animal Husbandry in the economy of the state, much attention is given to the health care of the animals and birds. To achieve this objects health care centres have been instituted at various levels.

 
     
  LIVESTOCK POPULATION 1996  
     
 
Sl. No. Type District State.

1

Cattle Male

59806

384063

2

Cattle Female

303526

3012272

3

Buffalo

35693

165125

4

Poultry

2273383

26946081

5

Sheep & Goats

162978

1866569

6

Dogs

133875

1307556

7

Pigs

2239

142784

8

Rabbits

5362

82415

 

 

 

Details of the institutions set up by the Animal Husbandry Department in the district and the state for the year 2000 are listed in the table below.

 
     
  INSTITUTIONS UNDER ANIMAL HUSBANDRY DEPARTMENT  
     
 
Sl.No. Category of Institution District State
1 Dist. Veterinary Centre

1

8

2 Vety. Poly Clinics

4

51

3 Veterinary Hospitals

15

120

4 Veterinary Dispensaries

77

923

5 I.C.D.Projects

1

10

6 Regional A.I.Centres

3

32

7 A.I.Centre/I.C.D.P.Sub Centres

62

973

8 Goat Farms

1

2

9 Regional Poultry Farms

1

7

10 R.P.Institutions.

10

26

 
     
  DAIRY DEVELOPMENT  
     
 

The Dairy Development Department is undertaking programs aimed at increasing Milk Production and distribution to meet per capita minimum requirement of 280 gms of milk per day to district. The Dairy farmers are assisted with necessary inputs under various schemes. There are 247 Dairy Co-operatives functioning in the district. The Milk Co-operatives are assisted in the purchase of modern milk testing equipments, Cans, Chemicals and Cattle feeds. Orientation training for scientific cattle rearing practices, Milk product manufacturing, quality control, fodder production, dairy co-operative management etc. are imparted to the farmers at the Dairy Training Centre at Alathur.

 
     
 

The Malabar Regional Co-operative Milk Producers Union runs a 40,000 litre capacity Dairy Plant at Kalleppully and 10,000 litre Capacity Chilling Plant at Agali. The 100 M.T.capacity Livestock and Poultry Feed Factory at Malampuzha is also functioning under the management of Kerala Milk Marketing Federation. There is a Bull Station and Fodder Farm and a Goat Farm at Dhoni running well under the control of Kerala Livestock Development Board. A Regional Semen Bank to distribute semen to the Artificial Insemination Centres of Malappuram and Palakkad is also attached to the Dhoni Bull Station.

 
     
  FISHERIES  
     
 

Since there is no coastal line in this District, Inland Fisheries development activities are implemented in this district. The Fish Farmers Development Agency was established at Meenkara and distributing fish links to the farmers of the district. The fish rearing farms were established in all the Irrigation dams sites of the district. The objects of the Agency are to identify fish farming area to encourage the public for reclamation of old and neglected ponds, to construct new ponds for fish culture by providing financial assistance.

 
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