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DISTRICT AT A GLANCE.

HISTORY.

LOCATION.

TOPOGRAPHY

DEMOGRAPHY.

TALUK WISE POPULATION 1991.

TALUKWISE POPULATION 2001 (Provisional)

ADMINISTRATION

COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT BLOCKS

LANGUAGE

SCHEDULED CASTE AND SCHEDULED TRIBE

  

 

INTRODUCTION

Palakkad  is a part of the  erstwhile Malabar district of Madras Presidency. The district  accounts for about 11.5% of the total land area of the state of Kerala, with the share of population is  8.20.%.  The literacy rate of the district is low than the state.   The district has got two types of climates.  Ottappalam, Alathur and Mannarkkad are having a climate similar to that of other districts of  Kerala , whereas Palakkad and Chittur are having rather a dry climate similar to Tamilnadu.  However  the average rainfall is good for cultivation.  There are five taluks and 163 villages in the district.  There are four Municipal towns and Ninety panchayaths in the district.  The district is divided into 13 Community Development Blocks for the effective implementation  of various developmental activities.

 

DISTRICT AT A GLANCE.

 

1.         Date of Formation -   01.01.1957

2.         Area in sq.k.m.        -    4480.

 3.        Population 1991     -  2382235.

4.         Density of Population-  532.

5.         Literacy Rate.         -81.27                        

6.         District Headquarters - Palakkad

7.         Number of Municipalities. - 4                 

8.         Number of Panchayaths.  - 90                          

9.         Number of Taluks        - 5                          

                                    10.       Number of Villages    -       163  

11.       Number of C.D.Blocks         - 13  

12.       Major Railway Stations.    Palakkad & Shornur.

13.       Annual Rainfall       (mm)  - 2413

14.       Number of Parliament Constituency - 2        

15.       Number of Assembly Constituency -   11

16.       Jilla Panchayath Constituencies -2                 

 

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HISTORY.

Palakkad or Palghat is the land of Palmyrahs and Paddy fields.  Along with Kuttanadu, Palakkad is a major Paddy growing area of the state.  It is often called as the “Gateway of Kerala”.  The Sahya Ranges bordering the region and the 32 k.m. long gap in the mountains exert a  dominant  influence on the climate of the region.  This Gap is known as  “Palakkad Gap”.

  

In the past, this land was known as Palakkattussery Etymologist  trace the word  Palakkad from Palanilam meaning the dry area.  Palakkad has a long history dating back to the Paleolithic Period which was substantiated by a number of megalithic relics discovered from this region.  It also  housed the Capitals of two Kingdoms such as Palakkad and Kollengode, which were in prominence till a Century back.

The ancient history of Palakkad is shrouded. According to William Logan, the author of “Malabar Manual”,  the Pallava Dynasty of Kanchi might have invaded Malabar in the second or third century. One of  their headquarters was Palakkad, which could be the present Palakkad.  For many  centuries the Malabar region was ruled by Perumals.  Malabar had been invaded by many of the ancient South Indian Rulers.  After this the  Malabar was divided  among their Utayavars. The famous among them were the “Valluvakonathiri” (Ruler of Valluvanad)  Kollengode Raja (Ruler of Venguvanad) and Sekharivarma  (Raja of Palakkad) of Palakkattussery.  The Palakkad Region was came under the control of Kollengode  Raja and   Sekharivarma Raja of  Palakkad.

 

When the Kozhikkode Sammoothiri invaded Palakkad in 1757, the Palakkad Raja sought the help of Hyder Ali of Mysore.  His help forced the Sammoothiri for retreat.  Later Hyder Ali subjugated all territories in Palakkad which were under the possession of Kozhikkode Sammoothiri. Thus whole dominion of Palakkad passed into the control of Mysore Sulthan Hyder Ali Khan and his son   Tippu Sulthan.  The war between East India Company and Tippu Sulthan ended with the  treaty of 1792 and all the possessions of Tippu in Malabar area ceded to the East India Company and it formed the Malabar District of the Madras Presidency.

 

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LOCATION.

Palakkad district is situated in the  South West Coast of India.  The district is bounded  on the North by Malappuram  District, in the East by Coimbatore district of Tamilnadu, in the south by Trichur district and in the west by Trichur and Malappuram districts.  The district is between 10’ 21 and 11’ 14 North latitude and 76’ 02 and 76’ 54 East longitude.

 

The total Geographical Area of  Palakkad  district is 4480 sq.k.ms.  representing 11.53% of the State’s Geographical area.  The Forest land of   the  district covers an area of  136257 hectares.

 

TOPOGRAPHY

Topographically the district can be divided into two regions, the low land comprising the midland and the high land formed by the hilly portion.  The soil is  laterite in the hill and mid land regions.  Midland is thick with Coconut, Arecanut, Cashew, Pepper, Rubber and Paddy cultivation.

 

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DEMOGRAPHY.

 

The district has a population of   2382235 persons according to the 1991 census.  The density of the population is 532 per sq.k.m.  Decadal growth rate for the period 1981 – 1991  is 16.25% in  comparison with the state figures of 13.98% .  The sex ratio of the district is 1065 females for 1000 males. This is in consonance with the unique pattern of the state, which is contrary to the All India figure of 929 females per 1000     males.  The district has achieved 100 % literacy in 1991.  calculated on the  basis of population above the age of 7 years.

 

TALUK WISE POPULATION 1991.

 

Name of Taluk

No. of

Pancha-

Yats

No. of

Munici-

Palities

Area in

Sq.K.Ms.

Population

Total

Scheduled

Castes

Scheduled

Tribes

 

Alathur

 

    16

 

    -

 

  569.02

 

398466

 

  83916

 

    444

 

Chittur

 

    16

 

    1

 

1155.10

 

408499

 

  67850

 

  7706

 

Ottappalam

 

    29

 

    2

 

  845.80

 

749149

 

118446

 

    120

 

Mannarkkad

 

    12

 

    --

 

1185.57

 

308910

 

  35351

 

25283

 

Palakkad

 

    17

 

    1

 

  720.32

 

517211

 

  72983

 

  1912

 

DISTRICT

 

    90

 

    4

 

4480.00

 

2382235

 

378548

 

35465

                       

 

TALUKWISE POPULATION 2001 (Provisional)

Name of District/ Taluk/Municipality

Population

Literates

Total

Male

Female

Total

Male

Female

Alathur

421909

204690

217219

308297

161406

146891

Chittur

425575

208784

216791

293545

157540

136005

Ottappalam

842286

399825

442461

657397

320463

336934

Mannarkkad

355680

173419

182261

256820

132145

124655

Palakkad

571622

279076

292546

435369

225929

209440

Palakkad Muni.

130736

64293

66443

105637

53906

51731

Chittur Muni

31884

15528

16356

25163

12985

12178

Ottappalam Muni

49230

23189

26041

39738

19123

20615

Shornur Muni

42022

19995

22027

35139

17056

18083

Palakkad District

2617072

1265794

1351278

1951428

997503

953925

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ADMINISTRATION

The District Headquarters  located at Palakkad is about 160 k.ms. away from Kochi and 370 k.ms. from Thiruvananthapuram the State Capital.  For the purpose of administration the district is divided into two Revenue Divisions – Ottappalam and Palakkad. and 5 Taluks viz. Alathur, Chittur, Palakkad, Ottappalam and Mannarkkard .  There are 163 villages are in the district.   Palakkad Municipality is one among the oldest municipalities of the state have completed 130 years.  Other Municipal towns are Ottappalam, Shornur and Chittur Tathamangalam. The district has 90 Panchayaths.  The district is divided into 13 Community Development Blocks for the effective implementation of various developmental activities

 

ADMINISTRATIVE  DIVISIONS.

 

 

Sl.No.

 

Particulars

 

District

 

State.

1.

Taluks

5

63

2.

Revenue Villages

163

1452

3.

C.D.Blocks

13

152

4.

Municipalities

4

58

5.

Panchayaths

90

990

6.

District Panchayaths

1

14

7.

Block Panchyaths

13

152

 
                           
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COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT BLOCKS

For implementing the various developmental activities, the district is divided into thirteen Blocks,  The details regarding the   Community Development Blocks are given below.

 

Sl.No.

C.D.Block

No.of Pan chayaths

Panchayat wards

Area

Population

Projected

Pop. in 2001

1

Alathur

9

127

371.17

237679

276301

2

Attappadi

3

37

703.23

62033

72113

3

Chittur

6

82

261.24

149821

174167

4

Kollengode

5

66

163.32

119886

139367

5

Kuzhalmannam

7

87

192.12

156657

182113

6

Mannarkkad

9

127

482.35

246877

286994

7

Malampuzha

8

109

468.04

200281

232710

8

Nemmara

6

75

741.35

130450

151648

9

Ottappalam

5

67

165.07

123806

143924

10

Palakkad

8

100

205.88

174065

22350

11

Pattambi

10

127

224.21

232425

270194

12

Sreekrishnapuram

7

83

219.41

144928

168478

13

Thrithala

7

91

172.16

164254

190945

                 

LANGUAGE

The language spoken by the people of the district is Malayalam, Tamil which is next in importance here.  Those who have languages other than Malayalam as their mother tongue can generally understand and speak Malayalam.  Tamil is common in Chittur Taluk and ‘Palakkad Taluk. Nearly 25 percent of the people are speaking Tamil as their mother tongue.  Konkani, Tulu and Kannada speaking families are also seen here and there in the district.

                                                                        (Estimated)

 

  Sl.No.

 

        Items

 

        District

 

       State

1

Malayalam

2080852

28168997

2

Tamil

237943

01206

3

Kannada

7572

80795

4

Telungu

32236

70365

5

Urudu

2389

14215

 

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RELIGION AND CASTE

 

Sl. No.

 

  Religion

 

District

 

  State

 

1

Hindus

1679544

16668587

2

Muslims

604352

6788364

3

Christians

96953

5621510

4

Sikhs

24

2224

5

Buddhists

11

223

6

Jains

11

3641

7

Other Religion

281

3275

8

Religion not states

1059

10694

 

 Hinduism is the pre-dominant religion of the district. Nearly 71 percent of the people belongs to the Hindu community.  All the sub castes of Hindus are well represented in the district.  The Vellodys, Nedungadies  Moothans,Gupthas, Mannadiars, Tharakars and Ezhuthachans are the peculiar sections of the Hindu Community of this district. The second largest community of the district is Muslims forming 25 percent of the total population. The strength of Christian Community is nearly 4 percent. Almost all the sections of the Christian Community are represented in the district.  A large number of Christian families from Tranvancore areas  have moved to the hilly tracts of the north and south valleys  of the district, in thirst of land and  living.

 

SCHEDULED CASTE AND SCHEDULED TRIBE

The population of Scheduled Caste is 378548 which is 15.85 percent of the total population of the district.  Similarly the Scheduled Tribe population  comes to 35465 which is 1.48 percent of the total population. The important Scheduled Castes are Cheruman, Paraya, Nayadi, Kanakkan, Kadar, Panan, Mannan, Peruvannan etc.  They are scattered in the district. The important Scheduled Tribes are Irular, Mudugar, Kurumbar and Muthuvans. They are inhabited in Attappady and Parambikulam areas.

 

 

Sl. No.

 

              Caste

 

      District

 

            State

  1

Scheduled Castes

378548

2886522

  2

Scheduled Tribes

35465

320967

 

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